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26 April 2018 The on-line newspaper devoted to the world of transports 15:39 GMT+2



December 11, 2017

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Denmark encourages the definition of international norms for the employment of the independent ships

"The current norm - it has emphasized minister Mikkelsen - is based on traditions that go back to the age of the sail. To this it must be place remedy"

Finland, nation in front line in the research & development activities times to the realization of independent ships, want to be pacer in this field also relatively to the norms to apply to navigation of naval units without crew.

Doing again itself to the results of a "Analysis of the normative barriers to the employment of independent ships", that friday is introduced and is drafted by the society of Rambøll advising and Maritime the CORES Law firm on behalf of the Danish Authority, document that upon request follows of some day a "Pre-analysis on the independent ships" written up from the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) of the same national marine authority, the Danish minister to the Industry, commerce and activity financial institutions, Brian Mikkelsen, has evidenced "the importance that the Danish Denmark and companies lead the way in the field of the technology and the digitalisation. The planning of the independent ships - it has found the minister - is in fast development and we - he has emphasized Mikkelsen - must be in front line. However - it has specified - part of the current norm is based on traditions that go back to the age of the sail. To this it must be place remedy. The norm on the independent ships would not have to be of obstacle to ulterior progresses and, therefore, the relationship supplies a stimulus a lot important".

Relatively to connected the normative and legal aspect to the employment of ships to independent conduction, the pre-analysis elaborated from the DTU, finding that if in general terms I use it of ships of this type it does not seem to introduce meaningful challenges, specifies that it is however necessary to clarify a series of relative aspects to the legal responsibility of the use of independent ships. The relationship observes moreover that if "from the point of view of safety the challenges appear easy to manage as, for example, with the independent ships the grounding and collision number will be reduced drastically regarding that with the conventional ships, however during a more rather long phase than transition problems in the situations could rise in which the independent ships they operate side by side with the not independent ships. In these situations - the relationship finds - us it can be waited for that the two types of ships react in different ways. Consequently, in particular the independent ships must have systems of navigation in a position to compensating these differences".

"Therefore - the analysis continues - the legal aspects are legacies in particular to the most classic division of the responsibility, among other things between the operators and the commanders situated in the Shore Control Centre (SCC). Currently - the relationship specifies - analogous problems are analyzed relatively to the experimentation of independent vehicles, for which us it can be done again to these work. However a fundamental and enough similar problem, that he is found to earth so as in sea, will be the co-existence in the same atmosphere of independent and manual units. This aspect must be subordinate to a more careful examination. However it is probable that to such care the future tests of started partially independent vehicles in summer 2017 can supply precious information".

"The independent ships - the relationship remembers - are not mention them in the codes and in the international conventions that are written up in last the 200 years because always it has considered that all the ships had always a crew and own this fact proposes us an important challenge. This could determine a delay of the legal picture regarding the technological development, not admitting therefore some of the modalities with which the independent ships they are able to operate to international level. Of other side - specific the relationship - the initial conclusion is that it is not necessary to attend the Internazional Maritime Organization (IMO) of the United Nations, because the national norm allows the employment of independent ships in territorial waters. However there is the urgent necessity that the IMO engagements in an action of promotion of the independent ships and the ships to remote control. The challenge consists in assuring that the challenges from the legal point of view are managed with attention so that over the long term the topic is promoted in center IMO".

"During the last few years - the authors of the relationship find - we have stated the tendency of the IMO not to adopt more a particularly detailed regulation that it establishes precise technical solutions based on the tradition and the experience. Today the IMO has the objective to adopt regulations that are based, among other things, on the search and principles physicists, being profitable possible to realize new innovative solutions. The Danish Maritime Authority - the authors specify - is online with the IMO and it is actively engaging in order to manage norms based on objectives and functions so that the "Denmark Blue" has the best possibilities than to use own competences in the total competition, also in the field of the independent ships".

Also the minister has emphasized the necessity that Denmark is able to pick the opportunities created from the development of new technologies: "Denmark - Mikkelsen has remembered - has a strong marine tradition and wants to continue to lead the way in the field of the development and the experimentation of technologies. In a globalizzato field - it has observed - the regulations and the standards for the independent ships must be international. This is the only way in order to assure a meaningful total development in this field. They are very pleased - it has concluded - than Denmark is already promuovendo this agenda to international level".

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