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30 luglio 2014 Il quotidiano on-line per gli operatori e gli utenti del trasporto 02.57 GMT+2



11 aprile 2006

La WTO prevede una crescita del 7% del commercio mondiale nel 2006

«Il sistema globale degli scambi - ha detto Pascal Lamy - sta attraversando un periodo di transizione»

Lo scorso anno il commercio mondiale ha registrato un crescita del 6% del volume delle merci scambiate (nel 2004 vi fu un aumento del 9%). I dati diffusi oggi dalla World Trade Organization (WTO) indicano un ristagno del commercio internazionale all'inizio del 2005 seguito da una ripresa alla fine dell'anno. Una ripresa che però potrebbe non concretizzarsi in una crescita stabile nel 2006. Infatti - secondo la WTO - lo scenario per quest'anno è ricco di incertezze, in particolare in Europa. Per il 2006 l'organizzazione mondiale del commercio prevede comunque un incremento del 7% del traffico internazionale delle merci ed un aumento del 3,5% dell'economia mondiale.

«Il sistema globale degli scambi - ha detto il direttore generale della WTO, Pascal Lamy - sta attraversando un periodo di transizione. Il mutamento delle circostanze economiche, i principali passi avanti nel settore tecnologico e l'emergere di nuovi attori sulla scena globale, tutto ciò sottolinea che siamo al culmine di notevoli cambiamenti. Il persistere di squilibri, determinati principalmente da fattori macroeconomici, continuano ad essere causa di preoccupazione in alcune principali economie. In questo clima di incertezza una cosa è certa: i membri dei governi devono rafforzare il sistema del commercio globale rendendolo più giusto e di rilievo per coloro che fanno del commercio nel ventunesimo secolo. Non ci può essere alcun dubbio che il miglior modo di far ciò sia di concludere quest'anno un ambizioso accordo nel Doha Round delle trattative sul commercio globale».

 

GDP and merchandise trade by region, 2004-05
Annual percentage at constant prices

 

GDP

Exports

Imports

 

2004

2005

2004

2005

2004

2005

North America

4.1

3.4

8.0

6.0

10.5

6.5

United States

4.2

3.5

8.5

7.0

11.0

5.5

South and Central America a

6.8

4.9

12.5

10.0

18.5

14.0

Europe

2.3

1.7

7.0

3.5

7.0

3.0

European Union (25)

2.2

1.6

7.0

3.5

6.0

2.5

Commonwealth of Independent States

8.0

6.6

13.0

4.5

16.0

16.5

Africa and Middle East

5.7

4.5

7.0

7.5

13.5

12.0

Asia

4.2

4.2

14.0

9.5

14.0

7.5

China

10.1

9.9

24.0

25.0

21.5

11.5

Japan b

2.3

2.8

10.5

1.0

7.0

2.5

World

3.9

3.3

9.5

6.0

'

'

a. Including the Caribbean.
b. Trade volume data are based on Japan's customs statistics. National account data report a markedly stronger export and import growth in 2005.
Source: WTO.

 

World exports of merchandise and commercial services, 2005
Billion dollars and percentage

 

Value

Annual percentage change

 

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

Merchandise

10120

10

17

21

13

Commercial services

2415

10

15

19

11

Source: WTO

 

World merchandise trade by region and selected country, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage.)

 

Exports

Imports

 

Value

Annual percentage change

Value

Annual percentage change

 

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

World

10121

10

17

21

13

10481

10

17

22

13

North America

1478

4

5

14

12

2285

6

8

16

14

United States

904

3

5

13

10

1733

7

9

17

14

Canada

360

5

8

16

14

320

6

8

14

14

Mexico

214

5

3

14

14

232

5

1

15

12

South and Central America a

351

13

15

29

25

294

7

6

28

22

Brazil

118

17

21

32

23

78

6

3

31

17

Other South and Central America a

232

11

12

28

26

216

8

7

27

24

Europe

4353

11

19

20

8

4521

10

20

20

9

European Union (25)

3988

10

19

19

7

4120

10

20

20

8

Germany

971

12

22

21

7

774

9

23

18

8

France

459

7

18

15

2

496

8

21

18

5

United Kingdom

378

6

9

14

9

501

8

13

20

6

Italy

367

9

18

18

4

380

10

20

19

7

Other Western Europe b

233

10

14

18

14

182

8

15

16

10

Switzerland

126

9

15

18

6

121

8

15

16

9

South-East Europe b

132

21

29

34

17

219

19

33

36

18

CIS

342

19

27

36

29

216

21

27

31

25

Russian Federation

245

18

27

35

34

125

23

25

28

28

Africa

296

15

26

30

29

248

14

21

29

16

South Africa

52

12

23

26

13

67

17

40

39

16

Africa less South Africa

244

16

26

31

33

181

13

16

26

16

Oil exporters c

166

18

33

41

45

63

17

17

34

17

Non oil exporters

78

11

18

18

12

118

11

15

22

16

Middle East

529

15

20

30

36

318

15

15

26

19

Asia

2773

11

19

25

15

2599

12

20

27

16

Japan

596

4

13

20

5

516

6

14

19

14

China

762

25

35

35

28

660

24

40

36

18

Four East Asian traders d

731

9

19

25

12

676

8

15

27

14

India

90

16

16

33

19

132

21

26

37

35

Memorandum items:

                   

MERCOSUR (4)

163

14

19

28

20

113

5

11

38

18

ASEAN (10)

653

9

16

20

14

593

9

13

25

16

EU (25) extra-trade

1328

11

17

21

10

1460

10

19

21

14

EU (15)

3679

10

19

18

6

'

'

'

'

'

EU (new members, 10)

309

20

29

34

16

'

'

'

'

'

Developing economies

3443

13

19

27

22

3024

12

17

28

17

Developing Asia

2050

13

21

27

18

1932

13

22

30

17

a. Includes the Caribbean.
b. For composition of the group see the Technical Notes of WTO, International Trade Statistics, 2005.
c. Algeria, Angola, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Libya, Nigeria, Sudan.
d. Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, China, Republic of Korea, and Singapore.
Source: WTO.

 

World trade of commercial services by region and selected country, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage.)

 

Exports

Imports

 

Value

Annual percentage change

Value

Annual percentage change

 

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

2005

2000-05

2003

2004

2005

World

2415

10

15

19

11

2361

10

14

18

11

North America

420

5

5

11

10

373

7

8

15

10

United States

353

5

5

11

10

289

7

8

15

10

Canada

51

5

7

11

9

62

7

14

13

10

Mexico

16

3

0

12

12

22

5

3

10

12

South and Central America a

68

8

10

16

20

70

5

4

14

22

Brazil

15

11

9

21

28

22

7

6

12

38

Other South and Central America a

53

7

10

14

17

48

4

3

15

15

Europe

1233

11

19

19

7

1119

11

19

16

8

European Union (25)

1104

11

19

19

7

1034

10

19

16

7

Germany

143

12

20

15

7

199

8

19

13

4

United Kingdom

183

9

15

23

-1

150

9

13

20

4

France

114

7

15

12

4

103

11

20

18

7

Italy

93

11

19

17

13

92

11

20

10

15

Other Western Europe b

77

11

16

23

12

57

13

15

23

14

Switzerland

45

10

15

24

9

25

10

11

25

7

South-East Europe b

52

12

35

23

15

29

13

27

30

19

CIS

40

18

16

23

20

58

20

17

24

18

Russian Federation

24

20

20

25

20

38

18

16

23

15

Africa

57

13

26

20

12

66

12

16

19

15

South Africa

10

16

69

14

17

12

16

52

26

19

Middle East

54

11

27

14

12

80

11

19

20

11

Asia

543

12

10

26

19

595

10

10

25

15

Japan

107

8

8

25

12

136

3

3

22

1

China

81

22

18

34

31

85

19

19

31

19

Four East Asian traders c

175

8

9

18

9

165

8

8

21

10

India

68

33

21

66

76

67

29

23

53

73

Memorandum items:

                   

MERCOSUR (4)

23

8

13

21

25

31

4

8

15

32

ASEAN (10)

104

8

2

22

10

132

9

9

21

14

a. Includes the Caribbean.
b. For composition of country groups see the Technical Notes of WTO, International Trade Statistics, 2005.
c. Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong China, Republic of Korea and Singapore.
Source: WTO.

 

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage.)

Rank
2005

Rank
2004

Exporters

Value

Share

Annual
%
change

Rank
2005

Rank
2004

Importers

Value

Share

Annual
%
change

1

(1)

Germany

970.7

9.3

7

1

(1)

United States

1732.7

16.1

14

2

(2)

United States

904.3

8.7

10

2

(2)

Germany

774.1

7.2

8

3

(3)

China

762.0

7.3

28

3

(3)

China

660.1

6.1

18

4

(4)

Japan

595.8

5.7

5

4

(6)

Japan

516.1

4.8

14

5

(5)

France

459.2

4.4

2

5

(5)

United Kingdom

501.2

4.7

6

6

(6)

Netherlands

401.3

3.9

12

6

(4)

France

495.8

4.6

5

7

(8)

United Kingdom

377.9

3.6

9

7

(7)

Italy

379.7

3.5

7

8

(7)

Italy

366.8

3.5

4

8

(8)

Netherlands

357.9

3.3

12

9

(9)

Canada

359.6

3.5

14

9

(9)

Belgium

320.4

3.0

12

10

(10)

Belgium

329.6

3.2

7

10

(10)

Canada

320.1

3.0

14

11

(11)

Hong Kong, China

292.3

2.8

10

11

(11)

Hong Kong, China

300.6

2.8

10

   

domestic exports

20.3

0.2

2

   

retained imports a

28.6

0.3

5

   

re-exports

272.0

2.6

11

           

12

(12)

Korea, Republic of

284.7

2.7

12

12

(12)

Spain

277.6

2.6

7

13

(15)

Russian Federation

245.3

2.4

34

13

(13)

Korea, Republic of

261.0

2.4

16

14

(13)

Singapore

229.6

2.2

16

14

(14)

Mexico

231.7

2.2

12

   

domestic exports

124.5

1.2

17

           
   

re-exports

105.1

1.0

14

           

15

(14)

Mexico

213.7

2.1

14

15

(15)

Singapore

200.0

1.9

15

               

retained imports a

94.9

0.9

16

16

(17)

Taipei, Chinese

196.6

1.9

8

16

(16)

Taipei, Chinese

185.9

1.7

10

17

(16)

Spain

186.1

1.8

2

17

(24)

India

131.6

1.2

35

18

(19)

Saudi Arabiab

178.8

1.7

42

18

(19)

Australia

125.3

1.2

15

19

(18)

Malaysia

140.9

1.4

11

19

(23)

Russian Federation c

125.1

1.2

28

20

(20)

Sweden

129.9

1.3

5

20

(17)

Austria

124.7

1.2

4

21

(21)

Switzerland

125.9

1.2

6

21

(18)

Switzerland

121.2

1.1

9

22

(22)

Austria

123.3

1.2

4

22

(25)

Thailand

118.2

1.1

25

23

(24)

Brazil

118.3

1.1

23

23

(22)

Turkey

116.4

1.1

19

24

(27)

United Arab Emirates b

112.5

1.1

36

24

(20)

Malaysia

114.6

1.1

9

25

(25)

Thailand

110.1

1.1

14

25

(21)

Sweden

110.6

1.0

10

26

(23)

Ireland

109.5

1.1

5

26

(26)

Poland

100.5

0.9

12

27

(26)

Australia

105.8

1.0

22

27

(29)

Brazil

77.6

0.7

17

28

(28)

Norway

103.3

1.0

25

28

(30)

United Arab Emirates b

77.0

0.7

25

29

(30)

India

89.8

0.9

19

29

(27)

Czech Republic c

76.9

0.7

10

30

(31)

Poland

88.9

0.9

19

30

(28)

Denmark

76.5

0.7

12

   

Total of above d

8712.7

83.8

-

   

Total of above d

9011.1

83.8

-

   

World d

10393.1

100.0

13

   

World d

10753.1

100.0

13

a. Retained imports are defined as imports less re-exports.
b. Secretariat estimates.
c. Imports are valued f.o.b.
d. Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export.
Source: WTO.

 

Leading exporters and importers in world merchandise trade (excluding intra-EU (25) trade), 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage.)

 

Rank
2005

Rank
2004

Exporters

Value

Share

Annual
%
change

Rank
2005

Rank
2004

Importers

Value

Share

Annual
%
change

1

(1)

Extra-EU (25) exports

1327.8

17.2

10

1

(1)

United States

1732.7

21.4

14

2

(2)

United States

904.3

11.7

10

2

(2)

Extra-EU (25) imports

1460.2

18.0

14

3

(3)

China

762.0

9.9

28

3

(3)

China

660.1

8.2

18

4

(4)

Japan

595.8

7.7

5

4

(4)

Japan

516.1

6.4

14

5

(5)

Canada

359.6

4.6

14

5

(5)

Canada

320.1

4.0

14

6

(6)

Hong Kong, China

292.3

3.8

10

6

(6)

Hong Kong, China

300.6

3.7

10

   

domestic exports

20.3

0.3

2

   

retained imports a

28.6

0.4

5

   

re-exports

272.0

3.5

11

           

7

(7)

Korea, Republic of

284.7

3.7

12

7

(7)

Korea, Republic of

261.0

3.2

16

8

(10)

Russian Federation

245.3

3.2

34

8

(8)

Mexico

231.7

2.9

12

9

(8)

Singapore

229.6

3.0

16

9

(9)

Singapore

200.0

2.5

15

   

domestic exports

124.5

1.6

17

   

retained imports a

94.9

1.2

16

   

re-exports

105.1

1.4

14

           

10

(9)

Mexico

213.7

2.8

14

10

(10)

Taipei, Chinese

185.9

2.3

10

11

(11)

Taipei, Chinese

196.6

2.5

8

11

(16)

India

131.6

1.6

35

12

(13)

Saudi Arabia b

178.8

2.3

42

12

(12)

Australia

125.3

1.5

15

13

(12)

Malaysia

140.9

1.8

11

13

(15)

Russian Federation c

125.1

1.5

28

14

(14)

Switzerland

125.9

1.6

6

14

(11)

Switzerland

121.2

1.5

9

15

(15)

Brazil

118.3

1.5

23

15

(17)

Thailand

118.2

1.5

25

16

(18)

United Arab Emirates b

112.5

1.5

36

16

(14)

Turkey

116.4

1.4

19

17

(16)

Thailand

110.1

1.4

14

17

(13)

Malaysia

114.6

1.4

9

18

(17)

Australia

105.8

1.4

22

18

(18)

Brazil

77.6

1.0

17

19

(19)

Norway

103.3

1.3

25

19

(19)

United Arab Emirates b

77.0

1.0

25

20

(20)

India

89.8

1.2

19

20

(21)

Indonesia

68.7

0.8

25

21

(21)

Indonesia

86.3

1.1

20

21

(20)

South Africa

66.5

0.8

16

22

(22)

Turkey

73.3

0.9

16

22

(23)

Saudi Arabia b

56.1

0.7

26

23

(24)

Iran, Islamic Rep. of b

58.4

0.8

32

23

(22)

Norway

54.9

0.7

13

24

(26)

Bolivarian Rep. of Venezuela

56.2

0.7

45

24

(24)

Israel

46.9

0.6

9

25

(23)

South Africa

51.9

0.7

13

25

(25)

Philippines

46.3

0.6

9

26

(31)

Algeria

44.4

0.6

42

26

(26)

Iran, Islamic Rep. of b

41.6

0.5

18

27

(33)

Kuwait

44.0

0.6

54

27

(27)

Romania

40.5

0.5

24

28

(32)

Nigeria b

43.5

0.6

40

28

(28)

Viet Nam

36.9

0.5

15

29

(27)

Israel

42.6

0.6

10

29

(29)

Ukraine

36.1

0.4

25

30

(25)

Philippines

41.2

0.5

4

30

(30)

Chile

32.5

0.4

31

   

Total of above d

7038.9

91.0

-

   

Total of above

7402.4

91.5

-

   

World (excl. intra-EU (25)) d

7733.3

100.0

16

   

World (excl. intra-EU (25)) d

8093.3

100.0

15

a. Retained imports are defined as imports less re-exports.
b. Secretariat estimates.
c. Imports are valued f.o.b.
d. Includes significant re-exports or imports for re-export.
Source: WTO.

 

Leading exporters and importers in world trade in commercial services, 2005
(Billion dollars and percentage.)

Rank
2005

Rank
2004

Exporters

Value

Share

Annual
%
change

Rank
2005

Rank
2004

Importers

Value

Share

Annual
%
change

1

(1)

United States

353.3

14.6

10

1

(1)

United States

288.7

12.2

10

2

(2)

United Kingdom

183.4

7.6

-1

2

(2)

Germany

198.6

8.4

4

3

(3)

Germany

142.9

5.9

7

3

(3)

United Kingdom

150.1

6.4

4

4

(4)

France

113.7

4.7

4

4

(4)

Japan

135.9

5.8

1

5

(5)

Japan

106.6

4.4

12

5

(5)

France

102.9

4.4

7

6

(7)

Italy

93.4

3.9

13

6

(6)

Italy

92.3

3.9

15

7

(6)

Spain

91.2

3.8

8

7

(8)

China

85.3

3.6

'

8

(9)

China

81.2

3.4

'

8

(7)

Netherlands

69.2

2.9

1

9

(8)

Netherlands

75.0

3.1

4

9

(9)

Ireland

67.5

2.9

5

10

(16)

India

67.6

2.8

'

10

(15)

India

67.4

2.9

'

11

(10)

Hong Kong, China

60.3

2.5

11

11

(11)

Spain

65.3

2.8

15

12

(13)

Ireland

54.7

2.3

5

12

(10)

Canada

62.3

2.6

10

13

(12)

Austria

53.8

2.2

11

13

(12)

Korea, Republic of

58.0

2.5

17

14

(11)

Belgium

53.4

2.2

6

14

(14)

Austria

51.7

2.2

12

15

(14)

Canada

50.6

2.1

9

15

(13)

Belgium

51.2

2.2

6

16

(18)

Switzerland

45.2

1.9

9

16

(16)

Singapore

44.0

1.9

9

17

(19)

Singapore

45.1

1.9

10

17

(19)

Russian Federation

37.6

1.6

15

18

(15)

Korea, Republic of

43.5

1.8

9

18

(17)

Denmark a

36.0

1.5

'

19

(17)

Sweden

42.8

1.8

12

19

(18)

Sweden

35.2

1.5

7

20

(22)

Luxembourg

39.6

1.6

20

20

(21)

Hong Kong, China

31.6

1.3

5

   

Total of above

1795.0

74.4

-

   

Total of above

1730.0

73.3

-

   

World

2415.0

100.0

11

   

World

2360.0

100.0

11

a. Secretariat estimate.
Note: Figures for a number of countries and territories have been estimated by the Secretariat. Annual percentage changes and rankings are affected by continuity breaks in the series for a large number of economies, and by limitations in cross-country comparability.
Source: WTO.




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