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25 May 2020 The on-line newspaper devoted to the world of transports 04:37 GMT+2

December 4, 2012

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Original news
Nel the 2011 world-wide commerce via sea has reached a level record

However the excess of offer of hold of the fleet puts to risk the economic sustainability of the field of the marine transport

Last year the world-wide commerce via sea has reached a level record, but its rate of growth remarkablly is exceeded by that of the offer of hold of the fleet. It evidences the relationship “Review of Maritime Transport 2012” diffused from the Conference of the United Nations on the Commerce and Development (UNCTAD today) explaining that in the 2011 world-wide commerce for marine way it is increased of +4% reaching the level record of 8,7 billion tons, while in the course of the same year the offer of ability to transport of the world-wide fleet of ships has grown very more fastly to a rate pairs to +10% having for the first time reached a total of 1,5 million gross capacities in tons.

The UNCTAD has emphasized as this lacked correspondence between supply and demand is a bad news for the economic sustainability of the field of the marine transport and for the market above all in consideration of the constant increase of the ability to the fleet and the current uncertainty of the economic forecasts that undermines the perspective of a consisting resumption of the question.

The relation evidences moreover that, parallel, in the 2011 traffic of the goods enlivened altogether from the world-wide ports it has recorded a rate of growth of +5.9% regarding the year precedence. The UNCTAD has found that 60% of the volume of the world-wide commerce via sea are loaded in the ports of the Developing countries and 57% are disembarked in these ports and this represents a remarkable change regarding the situation precedence, in which the nations developing they were used mainly like cargo areas of raw materials and natural resources.

The relationship finds also as the imbalance between offer and question has had an impact negative on the hires and the economic performances of great part of the shipowning companies: the average cost of the transport of a container from 20 feet (teu) from Shanghai to the Europe North is come down from 1.789 dollars in 2010 to 881 dollars in the 2011 and medium rate in order to send a container from 40 feet (feu) from Shanghai until the western coast of the United States is diminished in the same period from 2.308 to 1.667 dollars.


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