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02 June 2020 The on-line newspaper devoted to the world of transports 01:16 GMT+2

January 17, 2019

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Future occupation in transport, only the characterized workers more will not run the risk than to be replaced from the automation

Study of the ITF and the WMU on the impact of the introduction of the new technologies in the field

The union International Transport Workers' Federation (ITF) and the World Maritime University (WMU), Maritime athenaeum that is under responsibility of the International Organization (IMO), has introduced the publication "Transport 2040: Automation Employment Technologies - the Future of Work" realized in order to analyze and to estimate which will be the impacts on the field of the transports of the introduction of the automation and the advanced technologies, and in particular which will be from here to the 2040 glares on the occupation.

The document evidences that the technological progresses are unavoidable, but will be gradual (to a macro level will be revolutionary an evolutionary transition rather than) and will vary from region to region. Moreover the workers of the field of the transports yes will be influenced by the introduction of the new technologies, but it they will be in various ways based on their level of competence and to the various degrees of formation in the several nations. The relationship finds that the new technologies and the automation are having already today an impact on the workers of the field of the transports are with the transfer that with the creation of places of work and is an impact that for many workers of the field means having to face a difficult phase of transition.

The document emphasizes that the future of the world of work will have to assure that the workers adequately are characterized and subordinates to continuous formation in order to put them in a position to mastering the new technologies and the most elevated levels than automation. "To the workers of the transports today and tomorrow - it has observed the general secretary of the ITF, Stephen Cotton - they must be supplied the competences, qualifications and ability adapted to the future working activities. The study supplies the information necessary in order to reach these objectives".

Moreover the specific study that if the technology has the potential one in order to determine a reduction of the places of work, however the tendency to the increase of international the commercial exchanges will be able to balance such decrease and, on the whole, the esteem in future preview the necessity of a greater number of workers in the field of the transports.

However the study highlight puts also the differences on the impact that the automation will have on the workers in the countries with analogous economic and technological development and emphasizes that the risk that the automation replaces places of work varied substantially in the more industrialized countries, where between 5.7% and 50% of the characterized workers less - between which the harbour workers and the attache's to the shunting of the baggages - decidedly are exposed to the risk that the automation replaces their job as beyond 70% of the activities from carried out they he turns out automatizzabile. The study of ITF and WMU previews that within the 2040 these places of work they will not exist in the current form.

Moreover the precise study that such risk regards also the workers medium characterized - between which for example sailors qualified and leading of heavy motor vehicles -, belt of workers in which the quota job to high risk of varied automation between 7% and 23% according to the responsibilities that mark the place of work.

Such risk turns out much reduced for the highly qualified workers and with percentage not very various between nation and nation instead. The study explains that only until 2% of the workers highly characterized - between which for example marine officials, the pilots of airplane and the professionals - risk to being replaced from the automation.

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