Journal indépendant d'économie et de politique des transports
CENTRO INTERNAZIONALE STUDI CONTAINERS
ANNO XXXVIII - Numero FEBBRAIO 2020
AN ITALIAN PIONEER
Biological LNG is the environment-friendly continuation of LNG,
so to speak, and can compete with diesel fuel. The -Codognotto Group
and San Marco Petroli Distribuzione are planning to start operations
of the first biological LNG station in Italy this year.
Ever more transport firm are testing alternative fuels or engine
technologies. Most of the options include some advantages - and
other disadvantages. The perfect alternative doesn't exist yet.
Now Italy's Codognotto logistics group and the oil company San
Marco Petroli Distribuzione are set to collaborate on biological
LNG. The basis of biological LNG is methane; it is produced from the
decomposition of organic matter in a bio-gas plant and subsequently
liquefied. It has the same characteristics as LNG produced from
natural gas, but isn't a fossil fuel.
As dense as diesel
Conventional liquefied natural gas (LNG ) emits much less NOx
and NO2 than diesel, but its CO2 emissions are only 10% less. The
percentage of NOx and NO2 emission in the use of Bio-LNG is also
much lower than with diesel, but the former's CO2 emissions are 80%
lower than the latter's.
Even though biogas can be used as a source of energy and there
are approximately 100 re-fuelling stations all across Europe, it has
one significant disadvantage vis-à-vis biological LNG. Thanks
to the latter's liquefaction it can be almost as dense as diesel,
which significantly increases its reach. A lorry powered by biogas
can travel approximately 400 km, whilst one fuelled by biological
LNG notches up 1,500 km. For heavy goods vehicles in particular this
is a decisive factor.
Codognotto's ongoing commitment
France and Finland already have biological LNG stations; now the
Codognotto Group and San Marco Petroli are establishing a biological
LNG re-fuelling station in Italy too. It is expected to become
operational in September.
For Codognotto Group CEO Maurizio Codognotto the move represents
the logical continuation of his enterprise's ongoing commitment to
the protection of the environment. "We started testing
alternative fuels in 2014 and will already have around 100 LNG
trucks in our fleet by the end of this year. Biological LNG is a
direct consequence of such investment to enable the transition from
fossil fuels to renewable resources."
Maurizio Codognotto added that the partnership's efforts are in
accordance with the goals of the EU concerning climate change. The
latter is holding road haulage to account particularly strongly.
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