testata inforMARE
Cerca
12 July 2024 - Year XXVIII
Independent journal on economy and transport policy
13:16 GMT+2
LinnkedInTwitterFacebook


CENTRO INTERNAZIONALE STUDI CONTAINERSANNO XXXVIII - Numero SETTEMBRE 2020

TRANSPORT AND ENVIRONMENT

WHY AMMONIA MAY BE PART OF THE FUTURE FUEL MIX

"You need to build a scalable production of ammonia, utilising offshore windmill-fields or solar-power plants to provide the clean electricity required."

More points to ammonia as a promising zero-emission fuel. When based on wind or solar energy, it is a carbon-neutral option, with the infrastructure already in place, and ready to be mass-produced. After overcoming the challenges such us higher costs and the development of a new engine technology, it may become a part of the future fuel mix.

September 08 2020 - In connection with the UN Climate Action Summit, MAN Energy Solutions joined the Getting to Zero Coalition in September 2019 to help develop zero-emission vessels by 2030 with its industry partners.

We view the Getting to Zero Coalition's aims as closely aligned with our own strategy of cooperating with external partners to expand our business with sustainable technologies and solutions, such that they become our main source of revenue by 2030.

As I said, at the time of our joining the coalition, we understand the need to work with a wide group of industry partners to achieve this strategy and the Getting to Zero Coalition is therefore a perfect match. In shipping, MAN Energy Solutions has publicly spoken out in favour of a 'maritime energy transition' for some time now, which draws on the increased use of low-emission fuels. For us, the path to decarbonising the maritime economy starts with fuel decarbonisation, which will be a natural step towards the development of zero emission vessels.

But what fuel?

January 1, 2020, marked a milestone for the maritime shipping industry. From that date, all vessels became bound by new IMO rules restricting the use of high-sulphur fuels. While compliance with this was relatively straightforward for shipowners, decarbonisation will prove a tougher nut to crack and requires swift action.

As such, ships launched in 2030 will still be at sea in 2050 when - according to an IMO strategy adopted in April 2018 - the sector must reduce its total annual greenhouse gas emissions by at least 50%.

Potential zero-carbon fuels include alternative fuels like synthetic methane, alcohol, green hydrogen, and ammonia. In this respect, there's naturally a bit of uncertainty because everybody realises the need for change. But it is also clear that you do not have just one solution.

Ammonia is a promising candidate

As a potential zero-carbon fuel, ammonia is an interesting candidate. Indeed, the DNV-GL declared in 2019: "Ammonia is the most promising, carbon-neutral fuel option for newbuildings."

Since large quantities of ammonia are already transported around the world, it is a well-established commodity with some 120 ports globally currently importing/exporting it, and some with storage facilities. Thus, using ammonia to power ships would be a natural step with infrastructure already in place.

The companies already producing and distributing ammonia around the world know ammonia technology and have an incentive to showcase it as it is a sustainable technology that could provide new business opportunities.

Sustainable production and competitivity

When discussing future fuels, one thing is clean sulphur-free fuels but the CO2 footprint of such fuels also needs to be looked at. In this context, so-called power-to-X solutions where fuels are produced from sustainable energy sources are worth investigating.

The ammonia you have in the market today is CO2-free but based more on fossil fuel. Manufacturing green ammonia implies that you take electricity created by windmills and react hydrogen with nitrogen to produce ammonia. What is interesting about this is that there is no carbon involved in the process, making it a completely carbon-free fuel.

There are certain barriers, however, for ammonia and green ammonia - as there are with green or synthetic methane. It is relatively expensive, compared to fossil-based fuels. When talking about merchant shipping and the two-stroke business, solutions need to be business-viable.

Even if the cost of moving goods by sea increases in the future due to the introduction of zero-carbon fuels, it will still be the most efficient method as nothing can compete with shipping in terms of transporting goods. What we need to do is to create global coalitions and get the IMO to support a CO2 tax, and then funnel the money into R&D development and into developing solutions for the supply chain and large-scale production of these fuel types.

Ultimately, you need to build a scalable production of ammonia, utilising offshore windmill-fields or solar-power plants to provide the clean electricity required. Hand in hand with this, the ammonia supply-chain will have to be scaled up so that sufficient bunkering capacity is in place to supply vessels. Another requirement is, of course, a suitable engine technology.

First ammonia engine by 2024

MAN Energy Solutions has a convincing track record in developing engines running on alternative fuels, having developed the world's first oceangoing ships driven respectively by LNG, methanol, ethane, and LPG.

In a technical paper released in late 2019, we noted that the two-stroke ammonia concept is an add-on to our electronic ME-engine and similar to the previous engine concepts for liquid gas injection propane (ME-LGIP) and liquid gas injection methanol (ME-LGIM).

The development of the LGI engine has already addressed challenges similar to those posed by ammonia - namely corrosion, toxicity and low flammability - and there would be little difference between an ammonia engine and the ME-LGIP/LGIM engines. In light of this, we aim to deliver the first ammonia-fuelled, two-stroke engine in 2024.

Ammonia-engine development will take place at our Research Centre Copenhagen (RCC) facility. We already kickstarted the project in early 2020 with a HAZID (hazard identification) workshop. Subsequently, the first engine tests are scheduled to begin in 2021 where the ammonia supply and auxiliary systems will be specified, with an after-treatment (emissions) solution specified by 2022. NOx emissions reductions are expected to be achieved via a Selective Catalytic Reaction (SCR) system, which has already proven itself in the industry.

A full-scale engine test is scheduled for 2023, the success of which will enable the first delivery of an ammonia-fuelled engine to the market in 2024. We are also working diligently towards a dual-fuel, ammonia-retrofit solution for existing engines, which will be available from Q1 2025.

globalmaritimeforum.org



Approved the 2023 budget of Interporto Campano
Nola
Confirmed Alfredo Gaetani (President) and Claudio Ricci (Managing Director)
The Danish group SGL buys Brazilian Blu Logistics Brasil
Hvidovre
Agreement to acquire the entire share capital
Saipem, commits for offshore activities in Azerbaijan
Milan
In programme activity in the Azerbaijani waters of the Caspian Sea
99.2% million of Fincantieri's 400 million capital increase subscribed to
Rome
Majority shareholder CDP Equity has subscribed to new shares worth 285.8 million euros.
On July 17, the public assembly in Assiterminal will be held in Rome.
Rome
Messina (Assshipowners) : with the renewal of the Ccnl of the shipowner industry valid responses to the needs of workers
At The Spice Container Terminal start the scallops of the 21,000-teu container ships of OOCL
The Spezia
Inaugurated the Onshore Power Supply plant of the port of Valletta
Floriana / Geneva
Every Wednesday "MSC World Europa" will connect to the electric grid of the stopover
PSA, measures to mitigate congestion in the port of Singapore are having success
Singapore
In recent months, it has increased, among other things, the need to handle containers several times.
Presented the XII National Report on the Economy of the Sea
Rome
The sector generates a direct added value of 64.6 billion euros.
Set up in the construction site of Ancona the construction of the extra-aluminum cruise ship Four Seasons I
Trieste
Fincantieri will deliver it by the end of 2025
Hapag-Lloyd announces preliminary results of first semester
Hamburg
The company believes that the second half of 2024 will be better than previous expectations.
In May the traffic of goods in the port of Ravenna decreased by -3.0%
Ravenna
The month of June is expected to decline by -3.3% percent.
The economic-financial analysis of Fedespedi of containerized shipping companies
Milan
Laying of the keel of the new ultra-luxury megayacht destined for Aman at Sea
Genoa
Ceremony in the construction site of St. George of Nogaro of T. Mariotti
Danaos confirms order in China for five new container ships
Athens
Four will have a capacity of 9,200 teu and one of 8,258 teu
In Barcelona the first container terminal in the Mediterranean with electrified quay
Barcelona
On Friday the inauguration of the Onshore Power Supply plant in Hutchison Ports BEST
The revenue growth of Taiwanese Evergreen and Yang Ming continues
Taipei / Keelung
YML orders 9,100 new containers
Inaugurated in Gioia Tauro the quay that will host the pole of naval reparations
Joy Tauro
Agostinelli : This year the container traffic in port will challenge the four million teu
Chinese group Hengli will build a shipyard on the island of Changxing
Dalian
Investment of the value of 1.3 billion
SFL Corporation renews with Maersk the rental of four container ships
Hamilton
The capacity of ships will be high from 8,700 to 9,500 teu
Prysmian, record of installation of a cable in ultra-deep waters
Milan
Test for installation at -2,150 meters
Germany's Rhenus has acquired 15% percent of France's C Chez Vous
Holzwickede
Is specialized in the delivery of goods weighing more than 30 kilograms
Astilleros Armon delivered the dual-fuel ferry Margarita Salas to Baleària
Dénia
Can be powered to liquefied natural gas
Brothers Cosulich orders two new chemical bunkering tankers
Genoa
They will be taken in delivery in the first semester of 2026
Lineage buys the abruzzese supplier of Eurofrigor refrigerated warehouses
Amsterdam
Manages a refrigerated cell structure of more than 24,000 square meters in Controwar
Fincantieri vara to Ancona the cruise ship Viking Vesta
Los Angeles
In mid-2025 it will be delivered to American Viking
At the end the constructive phase of the port of Porto Torres
Cagliari
Entrusted to a Technical Advisory Panel on the issue of the greatest costs of opera
In China, the keel of the new ro-pax has been laid down. GNV Virgo
Genoa
It will be the first ship of GNV's fleet to be powered by liquefied natural gas
SAILING LIST
Visual Sailing List
Departure ports
Arrival ports by:
- alphabetical order
- country
- geographical areas
In Genoa, the World Day of Ausile Navigation
Genoa
On August 22, IALA will assume the legal status of intergovernmental organisation
SFL Corporation orders the construction of five container ships from 16,800 teu
Hamilton
Commits the value of a billion dollars to New Times Shipbuilding
In 2023, Fratelli Cosulich recorded financial performance second only to those records of 2022
Genoa
OMT (Accelleron) acquires the OMC2
Reflights
The Company manufactures high precision fuel injectors for marine, stationary and rail engines
Last year, freight traffic in Dutch ports fell by -7.6% percent.
The Hague
Reduction of volumes in all major merceological compartments
Chantier Naval de Marseille will retrofit two other cruise ships of AIDA Cruises
Rostock
They are part of the class "Sphinx"
Genovese De Wave has acquired Inoxking
Genoa
The Company manufactures steel furniture and refrigeration systems for the maritime industry
The downturn of container traffic in the port of Piraeus continues
Hong Kong
Overall, the volumes handled by the COSCO Shipping Ports network have been increased.
MSC gets 97.71% of the capital of Gram Car Carriers
Oslo
In the coming days the acquisition of the remaining shares
Hapag-Lloyd reiterates its own terminalist division
Hamburg
A Hanseatic Global Terminals make 20 container terminals in 11 nations
ADNOC Logistics & Services orders in Korea 8-10 new liquefied natural gas vessels
Abu Dhabi
They will be built by Samsung Heavy Industries and Hanwha Ocean
Kombiverkehr is alarmed at the reduction of DB Cargo services for intermodal transport
Frankfurt am Main
The company is looking for alternative partners
MSC ready to acquire 15% of ADR in Genoa Airport
Genoa
The shipowner group has submitted a binding proposal to buy
Fincantieri will build a fourth NFS submarine for the Italian Navy Navy
Trieste
Commits of the value of 500 million euros
Four major critical areas in view of the entry into force of the FuelEU Maritime Regulation
Rome
Workshop on the theme of the Young Group of Confitweapon
Technical Varo of the second of the four GNV ro-pax ships under construction in China
Genoa
The "GNV Orion", of 52,000 tons tsl, will be taken over in the summer of 2025
Assshipowners have strengthened their structure
Rome
Insertion into the organic of Simone Parizzi, Mattia Canevari and Cesare Crocini
Japan's MOL acquires 25% of the logistics company Tanzaniana Alistair Group
Tokyo
Port of Ravenna, over four million euros destined for new mediums of less environmental impact
Ravenna
A ban on the replacement of the means currently operating in the quay
Rosetti Marino, new committed for offshore EPC activities worth more than 400 million euros
Ravenna
It envisages the realization of the topside of the gas production platform that will be installed off the coast of Libya
They return to grow the revenues of the FedEx express courier
Memphis
In the coming months, a continuation of the current positive trend is expected.
Assagents analyzes the impact on maritime traffic of the geopolitical crises in place
Genoa
On July 9 Adria Ferries will inaugurate a new ferry line between Italy and Montenegro
Ancona
Biweekly service between the ports of Ancona and Bar
State Railways and Eni continue cooperation in the field of alternative fuels
Rome
Mitsui O.S.K. Lines will have 72% of the capital of Gearbulk
Tokyo
You will acquire an additional 23% held by Halberton Holding (Jebsen family)
The Young Shipowners Group of Confitarma launches the website ItalianSeafarers
Rome
Presented the training opportunities offered by the companies and the ITS foundations
In 2023, passengers on MSC Crusere ships nearly doubled.
Geneva
The Explora Journeys business also started in August.
EQT Infrastructure VI fund buys Constellation Cold Logistics
Stockholm / London
Owns and operates 26 refrigerated warehouses in Western Europe and Scandinavia
UPS sells logistics company Coyote Logistics to RXO for more than a billion dollars
Charlotte / Atlanta
In 2023 the asset ceded generated a turnover of 3.2 billion
CMA CGM restructure services in the Mediterranean
Marseille
Changes to the Euronaf and TMX 2 lines scaling several Italian ports
The only retroport of the port of La Spezia is that of Santo Stefano Magra
The Spezia
Shipping agents and shipping agents and customs officers who say no to the hypothesis of other corridors said.
Warriors (AdSP Livorno) : The TDT terminal must maintain its own merceological vocation
Livorno
We expect Grimaldi to develop plans to promote a real growth of containerized traffickers.
PORTS
Italian Ports:
Ancona Genoa Ravenna
Augusta Gioia Tauro Salerno
Bari La Spezia Savona
Brindisi Leghorn Taranto
Cagliari Naples Trapani
Carrara Palermo Trieste
Civitavecchia Piombino Venice
Italian Interports: list World Ports: map
DATABASE
ShipownersShipbuilding and Shiprepairing Yards
ForwardersShip Suppliers
Shipping AgentsTruckers
MEETINGS
On July 17, the public assembly in Assiterminal will be held in Rome.
Rome
Messina (Assshipowners) : with the renewal of the Ccnl of the shipowner industry valid responses to the needs of workers
The assembly of Assagents will be held in Genoa on June 25.
Genoa
Event entitled " Mari inquieti. Routes and conflicts : the incognition of traffickers "
››› Meetings File
PRESS REVIEW
Samsung, HMM clash in US over shipping rates
(The Korea Times)
Houthis Mount Biggest Month of Attacks on Ships This Year
(Bloomberg)
››› Press Review File
FORUM of Shipping
and Logistics
Relazione del presidente Stefano Messina
Roma, 2 luglio 2024
››› File
Emanuele Grimaldi has been re-elected as president of the International Chamber of Shipping
Emanuele Grimaldi has been re-elected as president of the International Chamber of Shipping
Montreal
Confirmed for another two-year term
Lorenzo Giacobbe is the new president of the Young People's Group of Assagents
Genoa
It will be joined by Vice Presidents Pietro Abbona and Andrea Pompei
The ports of Trieste and Monfalcone are allied with those of Cartagena, Riga and North Sea Port
Trieste
Report on work in liguri ports
Genoa
It was carried out by the Italian Academy of Mercantile Academy
Intermodal transport of prefabricated in concrete from Tuscany to Sardinia
Arezzo
Collaboration between the Baraclit Group, the Logistic Pole of the FS Group and the GMake Group
It continues the growth of containerized transhipment traffic in the ports of Algeciras and Valencia
Algeciras / Valencia
In May in the two shelves the transshipment containers increased by 8.4% and 12.0%
Kombiverkehr, in 2025, will double in Germany the costs of using rail lines for the transport of goods
Frankfurt am Main
Krebs : in the worst case we will stop transport
They rise to 88 the companies associated with Assiterminal
Genoa
Membership of seven new companies
Brothers Cosulich acquired the genovese Slavetti Enzo
Genoa
It operates in the field of production and sales of hardware products for the shipbuilding and nautical industry
Likely sinking of the renaissance Tutor attacked by the Houthis
Portsmouth
Signaled the sighting at sea of debris and hydrocarbon chiaths
EU Council agrees to its position on new regulation on the European Maritime Safety Agency
Brussels
Also adopted the general approach on the regulation on the use of the capacity of the railway infrastructure
- Via Raffaele Paolucci 17r/19r - 16129 Genoa - ITALY
phone: +39.010.2462122, fax: +39.010.2516768, e-mail
VAT number: 03532950106
Press Reg.: nr 33/96 Genoa Court
Editor in chief: Bruno Bellio
No part may be reproduced without the express permission of the publisher
Search on inforMARE Presentation
Feed RSS Advertising spaces

inforMARE in Pdf
Mobile