|Bareboat Charter - A shipping company
lets or lease a ship without crew, typically
for a longer period.
Bulk Carrier - A ship especially fitted for
transport of bulk.
Bunkers - Description of a ship's fuels,
Cable-layer - A ship specially constructed
for the laying and repairing of telegraph
cables across oceans.
Chemical Tanker - A ship transporting
Container Ship - A ship transporting containers by means of cargo compartments
especially fitted for containers by mounting of vertical tracks for steering and keeping in place of the containers during loading and unloading and during the transport itself.
Cross Trades -Transport of goods
between foreign ports.
Dry Bulk - Cargo consisting of dry cargo,
as i.e. grain and coal.
DWT - The total weight which a ship can
carry, including cargo, provisions, fuel,
stores, bunkers, crew, spares, etc., up to
her summer load line (Plimsoll Line).
General Cargo - Miscellaneous cargo.
GT -The total of all the enclosed spaces
within a ship, expressed in tons, each of
which is equivalent to 100 cubic feet.
Liner Trade - Description for regular traffic on specific ports.
LPG Tanker - A ship transporting liquified
Oil Tanker - A ship transporting oil or oil
products in bulk.
||Product Tanker - A ship transporting refined oil products.|
Reefer - Ship transporting refrigerated and
Ro-Ro Ship - A ship where the cargo is
driven onboard and ashore, i.e. by means
of lorries or other specially vehicles.
Salvage and Towage ship - A ship helping other ships in and out of ports and
when salvage is required.
Stand-by/Safety vessel - A vessel working
as a stand-by safety. fire fighting and
waste disposal vessel in the offshore industry.
Tanker Market - Transportation of liquid
cargo on board ships in free trade, typically
chartered for single trips (trip Charter).
Time Charter - A shipping line lets or leases a ship complete with crew for a certain
period of time.
Tramp - A ship which will cali at any port to
carry whatever cargoes are available.
Trip Charter - The time charter of a ship
for one specific trip. rather than for a
period of time. Also occasionally to mean a
Tug/Supply Ship - A ship working in the
offshore industry for the carriage of stores
and equipment, towing and anchor
Worldscale - A widely used scale by means of which tanker freight are quoted. Its
purpose is to enable shipowners to compare more easily the returns on alternative
voyages. The figure 100 is allocated to a
hypothetical return per ton of cargo using a
ship on each of a number of standard routes.