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09 de febrero de 2023 - Año XXVII
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de la logística


The Shipbuilding market in 2000 (6)


  • Finland

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The two shipyards in Finland Aker-Finnyards and Kvaerner-Masa remain concentrated on the production of passenger vessels, ro-pax and ferries for the former and exclusively of cruise ship newbuilding for the latter.

Aker-Finnyards succeeded in securing four ferry orders for the account of foreign shipowners: SeaFrance, Tallink and Hesbrides Islands. Kvaener-Masa for its part firmed up its orderbook with three newbuildings for Carnival Corp. and two for Royal Caribbean Cruises.
 

  • Denmark

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The nineties were marked by the closing of many shipyards in Denmark, such as Burnmeister and Wain and Svendborg in 1996, North Sea Shipyard in 1997 Aarhus Flydedok in 1999 and Danyard in 2000.

The only significant remaining shipyards are Odense and Orskov, this latter which has taken over some of the activities of Danyard.

The Association of Danish Shipbuilders has expressed concern that the disappearance of Danish shipyards could have a domino effect on the other segments of the maritime industry in Denmark, similar to what happened in Great Britain or Sweden and that the Danish expertise in the maritime sector will fade away over time.
 

  • Netherlands

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BITHAV
6,400 dwt, built 2000, high heat 250'C - owned by Tarbit Shipping

The orderbook for Holland is stable at about 598,000 gt as of the third quarter 2000, with a distinctive feature of an important production of smaller vessels, generally below 10,000 dwt.

Up to now, this specialisation in construction of all types but in small sizes has shielded Dutch shipbuilders from some of the competition from Asian shipyards, when supervision and positioning costs are factored over the smaller size and earning power of these vessels. Competition has also been avoided due to the fact that Korea's builders have targeted larger sizes. Japan's shipyards for smaller sizes limit themselves to building for the less demanding standards of their domestic owners.

However, the special niche in servicing the demand from European shipowners for smaller sized vessels is now being challenged by many of the shipyards in China who are very keen to build any size of vessel.

This challenge from China might be accelerated by the ending of shipbuilding subsidies and the tax incentive schemes in place during the 1990's for Dutch owners to build their fleets in Holland.

Shipbuilders in the Netherlands are being aggressively proactive compared with other Europeans in using their expertise in design and project management to a competitive advantage by combining their skills with the experienced low labour cost in Eastern Europe. The Damen Group has been one of the leading innovators in this trend of subcontracting the construction of hulls in countries like Romania (where Damen has now taken control of the Galatz shipyard) and then bringing the hulls for completion in Holland, Germany, Norway or elsewhere.

This trend has already led to a sustained rebirth of shipbuilding in Romania that is expected to expand to larger sizes and whole completed vessels being built as standards and efficiency increase to internationally accepted levels. A similar set of developments is already underway in Ukraine. There is expectation that this trend of marrying Western finance, design, production and management skills with post-Soviet collapse under utilised shipbuilding capacity will accelerate, given the cost advantages obtainable and proximity of the players involved and the customers they are serving.

CHASSIRON
5,100 dwt, built 2000 by Niestern Sander - operated by Petromarine
  • Norway

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The Norwegian shipyards have succeeded with a remarkable performance in the year 2000 and have obtained almost 33 billion kroner's (about US$ 3.6 billion) worth of contracts. This figure is a strong improvement over the 1999 contracts value of nine billion kroner (about US$ one billion) and even more so over the 1998 results of four billion kroner (about US$ 450 million).

Almost 15 billion kroner (about US$ 1.68 billion) of orders came from the offshore sector which consisted of more than 70 orders for all types. Another significant order was for an ocean going resort ship at Fosen Shipyard. The Kleven Floroe shipyard was also successful in signing orders for four large sized chemical tankers.

The owners who were willing to contract in Norway were able to benefit from the weak exchange rate between the kroner and the dollar as well the opportunity to take advantage of remaining shipbuilding subsidies available for contracts signed before the end of 2000.
 

  • Croatia

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Croatian shipbuilding was able to profit from the return of peace to the region as well as the saturation of shipyards in Korea.

In the summer months of 2000 Croatian yards were able to offer delivery dates much earlier than shipbuilders in the Far East at prices that were competitive as well. These factors combined with Croatia's excellent reputation and experience in building product carriers placed the country in good position to participate in the new product tanker market cycle and sign a number of orders from both Northern European and Mediterranean shipowners.

Most noteworthy was the ability of Trogir, after a number of painful years without orders to take numerous contracts for product tankers of 47,000dwt.

The Croatian orderbook as of the fourth quarter 2000 stood at about 970,000 gt (compared with 765,000 gt in 1999). There was a great deal of active negotiation taking place in the fourth quarter 2000.
 

  • Poland

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Polish shipbuilders also benefited from the filling up of the Korean shipyards and the number of European owners, especially Germans, who placed orders for container vessels. Poland succeeded in doubling its orderbook in 2000 to 2.814 million gt (compared with 1,490,000 gt in December 1999).

If Croatia was notable for the number of Mediterranean owners it attracted, then Poland was even more successful in concluding business with German, and Scandinavian owners looking for very specialised newbuildings such as LPG tankers, product carriers and stainless steel chemical carriers, ro-ros and ro-pax.

Poland's evolution into the top ranks of the world shipbuilders has been accompanied by aggressive corporate restructuring, management rationalisation, improved use of assets and expansion of capacity and modernisation.
 

United States of America

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The shipbuilding industry in the United States experienced some interesting developments after a long decade of low civilian newbuilding activity and less than one percent of the world orderbook. The year 2000 saw an increase of the USA orderbook up to 1,020,000 gt.

Ingalls shipyard, is currently building two cruise ships for the account of American Hawaiian / AMCV for delivery at the beginning of 2003 and 2004. This is an important development to follow and one, which, if successfully concluded, could be the source of unexpected competition to the European shipbuilders who presently dominate the special niche market of cruiseship building.

Year 2000 also saw BP placing orders for three tankers of 185,000 dwt with NASSCO (average price about US$ 210 million each). They were followed by Polar Tankers who placed an order at Avondale.

The majority of the large American shipyards continue to survive in servicing the needs of the US Navy. On the civilian side they operate under the protection of the Jones Act which obliges the very few owners who wish to trade in American short-sea trades to employ vessels built in American shipyards. Civilian shipbuilding consists predominantly of vessels serving the specialised needs of the US offshore and oil industry.

Shipbuilders in the United States do not have to face foreign competition and can obtain prices well in excess of the prevailing international market levels. The disadvantage is that US shipbuilding prices are so high that civilian US flag merchant marine transportation activity has been driven to near extinction and as a result almost all domestic transportation for lower value bulk cargoes in the US is performed by trucks, trains or barges.

Given the indirect subsidies provided by American military spending and the occasional need to build high priced Jones Act vessels for high value cargoes like crude oil, the American shipbuilders have no need for direct subsidies and have been recently absent from the debate between the European, Korean and Japanese shipbuilding associations.

Outlook

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Is the rise in newbuilding prices observed in 2000, after almost ten years of decline, a sign of a sustainable improvement for the shipbuilding industry?

Nothing could be less certain.

2000 can be considered as an exceptional year, as an unprecedented level of economic expansion was experienced. Freight rates reached historical highs, and almost all market sectors were reaching these new levels at the same time.

Demand was particularly strong. Numerous shipowners clearly anticipated the need to renew their fleets. Trade expansion also required fleet increase for tankers, containerships and bulkers simultaneously.

We must recall that newbuilding prices still stay at levels equal to or below the pre-Asia crisis ones, in an ever increasingly competitive environment.

However for the moment the world major shipbuilders are sitting on full orderbooks.

Thus, the fleet on order for tankers has reached 16 % about the same figure as in 1991, the bulk fleet 15 % about the same figure as in 1994 and finally for the containership sector the orderbook, as percentage of existing fleet, was 28 % (passing the last historical high of 25 % set in 1996). Table "Percentage of the active fleet on order by type" shows high ordering points reached and already passed.

History has demonstrated that freight rates go down each time these maximum high newbuilding ratios are reached, followed by a reduction of investment in newbuildings, unless newbuilding prices follow the same trend down as freight rates. Will this pattern repeat itself?

For the near term, the volume of orders is likely to decline, as shipyards with full orderbooks can afford to wait before cutting prices in a fight to get orders, and also because shipowners along with their bankers would like to know, or at least have a more clear indication of what direction the global economy is headed before deciding on any new investment.
 




Shipping and Shipbuilding Markets in 2000

I N D E X

›››Archivo
DESDE LA PRIMERA PÁGINA
En 2022 las mercancías en el puerto de Nápoles crecieron un 6,3% por ciento, mientras que en Salerno cayeron un -15,8% por ciento.
En 2022 las mercancías en el puerto de Nápoles crecieron un 6,3% por ciento, mientras que en Salerno cayeron un -15,8% por ciento.
Nápoles
Reanudación de cruceristas y pasajeros de línea
El puerto de Ravenne cerró 2022 con los nuevos registros de mercancías y cruceros
El puerto de Ravenne cerró 2022 con los nuevos registros de mercancías y cruceros
Ravenna
Sorprendente el aumento de los cereales, en particular las importaciones procedentes de Ucrania (664mila toneladas, + 195,4%)
En el astillero de Genovese en Fincantieri, la ceremonia de la moneda de Explora II
En el astillero Genovese en Fincantieri la ceremonia de la moneda de Explora II
Génova
El nuevo crucero será entregado a Explora Journeys (grupo MSC) en agosto de 2024
Wallenius Wilhelmsen cierra 2022 con resultados récord
Oslo
Wallenius Wilhelmsen cierra 2022 con resultados récord
Los ingresos crecieron un 30%
En Lombardía, el primer acuerdo territorial para el bienestar en el sector de la logística, transporte de mercancías y transporte marítimo
Milán
Ha sido firmado por Filt-Cgil, Fit-Cisl, Uiltransport y Alsea
Maersk registra un desempeño financiero anual a pesar de un cuarto trimestre negativo
Maersk registra un desempeño financiero anual a pesar de un cuarto trimestre negativo
Copenhague
En 2022 los cargamentos transportados por barcos disminuyeron un -8,9%
En el cuarto trimestre de 2022, la actividad operativa y los ingresos de Royal Caribbean volvieron a los niveles previos a la pandemia.
En el cuarto trimestre de 2022, la actividad operativa y los ingresos de Royal Caribbean volvieron a los niveles previos a la pandemia.
Miami
Volumen de negocios récord para esta época del año
En 2021 en la UE los servicios de transporte marítimo de corta distancia transportaron 1,780 millones de toneladas de carga (+ 6,0%)
Bruselas
En Italia el total fue de 314,5 millones de toneladas (+ 9,7%)
T&E denuncia que España impide un acuerdo en la UE sobre la descarbonización del transporte marítimo
Bruselas
Madrid se opondría a la subcuota del 2% de RFNBO propuesta por el Parlamento Europeo
ST Engineering compra un astillero de reparaciones navales de Keppel Offshore & Marine
Singapur
Se encuentra en el área de Tuas, en Singapur
Acuerdo entre la Academia Italiana de la Marina Mercante y la AdSP Ligure Eastern
El Spezia
Prevé el estudio y el análisis de las necesidades de formación de los trabajadores en las terminales portuarias de Spezia y Marina di Carrara
CMA CGM sería adquirir la compañía de transporte La Méridionale
Marsella
Negociaciones en curso con el Grupo STEF
Pino Musolino ha sido elegido presidente de MEDPorts
Pino Musolino ha sido elegido presidente de MEDPorts
Túnez
Jordi Torrent ha sido nombrado secretario general de la asociación
Los componentes positivos de los ingresos generados por "certificados blancos" pueden estar sujetos al impuesto sobre el tonelaje
Roma
La Agencia de Impuestos Internos dijo que estaba respondiendo a una instancia del Grupo Grimaldi.
El año pasado el tráfico de contenedores manejado por HPH Trust disminuyó un -7,3%
Singapur
El año pasado el tráfico de contenedores manejado por HPH Trust disminuyó un -7,3%
El descenso de la actividad se produjo en la segunda mitad de 2022
Adjudicado la propuesta de financiación del proyecto para la náutica a ser dado de alta en el puerto de Cagliari
Cagliari
El trabajo se llevará a cabo en tres años
CMA CGM y Autoridad Portuaria de Barcelona han sido autorizados a adquirir el Puerto Seco Azuqueca
Madrid
Luz verde del vigilante antimonopolio español
La tercera carrera por los enlaces marítimos con las Sardas más pequeñas también estará desierta.
Cagliari
Los sindicatos instan a revisar la prohibición de la licitación, particularmente bajo el perfil económico
PROXIMAS SALIDAS
Visual Sailing List
Salida
Destinación:
- orden alfabético
- nación
- aréa geogràfica
En el puerto de Civitavecchia, se ha detenido un tráfico ilícito de residuos directos en África
Civitavecchia
Se incautaron tres lotes de mercancía para un peso total de 32 toneladas
Gruber Logistics abre dos oficinas en Turquía
Gruber Logistics abre dos oficinas en Turquía
Tiempo
El objetivo es aumentar el tráfico hacia y desde Europa a través del puerto de Trieste
El año pasado, el tráfico de mercancías en los puertos españoles creció un 3,5% por ciento.
Madrid
El año pasado, el tráfico de mercancías en los puertos españoles è creció un 3,5%
Reducción del tráfico de tránsito en contenedores. En el cuarto trimestre, hubo un descenso del -1,1% por ciento.
DP World ha sido galardonado con la carrera para hacer una terminal de contenedores en el puerto de Deendayal (Kandla)
Gandhidham
Joint venture Drydocks World-Aker Solutions para modernizar las unidades FPSO
Marfret aumenta la frecuencia del servicio de línea directa Italia-Egipto
Génova
Entrar en un segundo barco
Cargotec y Konecranes registran nuevos récords de ingresos anuales y trimestrales
Helsinki/Hyvinkää
En 2022, el valor de las nuevas órdenes adquiridas por los dos grupos aumentó un 9,8% y un 23,7%, respectivamente.
En 2022 el valor de las nuevas órdenes adquiridas por ABB creció un 6,7%
Zúrich
Los resultados de la actividad comercial registraron un recorte trimestre tras trimestre
El año pasado, el tráfico naval en el estrecho del Bósforo disminuyó un -8,8%
Turquía
El año pasado el tráfico de buques en el Estrecho de Bosphorus è disminuyó un -8,8%
En el último trimestre de 2022, la reducción fue de -5,1%
PUERTOS
Puertos italianos:
Ancona Génova Rávena
Augusta Gioia Tauro Salerno
Bari La Spezia Savona
Brindisi Liorna Taranto
Cagliari Nápoli Trapani
Carrara Palermo Trieste
Civitavecchia Piombino Venecia
Interpuertos Italianos: lista Puertos del mundo: Mapa
BANCO DE DATOS
Armadores Reparadores navales y astilleros
Expedicionarios Abastecedores de bordo
Agencias marítimas Transportistas
MEETINGS
En Livorno un tres días de Assoports para profundizar los aspectos de la transformación urbana en la ciudad portuaria
Livorno
Usted se reunirá con dos grupos técnicos ...
El jueves en Milán una conferencia de Fedespedi sobre "La digitalización logística y el PNRR"
Milán
Desde 2020 la Federación ha hecho su contribución a la construcción del Plan
››› Archivo
RESEÑA DE LA PRENSA
L'Algérie investit 500 millions d'euros au Cameroun
(L'Expression)
3rd oil tanker body found, 5 workers still missing
(Bangkok Post)
››› Reseña de la Prensa Archivo
FORUM de lo shipping y
de la logística
Relazione del presidente Daniele Rossi
Napoli, 30 settembre 2020
››› Archivo
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tel.: +39.010.2462122, fax: +39.010.2516768, e-mail
Partita iva: 03532950106
Registrazione Stampa 33/96 Tribunale di Genova
Director: Bruno Bellio
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