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20 May 2022 The on-line newspaper devoted to the world of transports 13:02 GMT+2

April 28, 2022

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The recovery of Italian logistics threatened by the effects of the war in Ukraine

Nicolini (Confetra): from an economic point of view the scenario is of great uncertainty

The Italian General Confederation of Transport and Logistics (Confetra) has published the Logistics Almanac 2022 elaborated by its own Study Center that highlights how the sector of logistics, although hard hit by the impact of the pandemic, has been able to react strongly by recovering volumes moved in almost all sectors. Positive evolution that, however, it is now overshadowed by the effects on the logistics of the war in Ukraine. "We thought - explained the president of Confetra, Guido Nicolini - to glimpse the light at the end of the tunnel after two difficult years, but we must, unfortunately, face this further terrible crisis linked to the Russian-Ukrainian conflict. First of all, we hope that a solution will be found as soon as possible peaceful that puts an end to the dramatic exodus of refugees and the loss of life. But also from an economic point of view the scenario is of great uncertainty. We know, unfortunately, that we are psychological effects that impact on economic events as much and perhaps even more than objective factors. In one phase like this, so - Nicolini observed - it is difficult support a recovery in investment and a capacity for private industrial fabric to hook the challenges of the transition digital and environmental. All raw materials have undergone very strong increases, from those related to energy to those of the feed. All this can only have an impact heavy. All analysts converge in saying that these price increases they will devour, unfortunately, an important part of the recovery."

The Logistics Almanac 2022 notes that in 2021 the strong rebound in Italian industrial production (+11.8%) led to a substantial recovery in foreign trade both in import that in export and, consequently, a good recovery of the logistics in all modes of goods handling, with the necessary differences. Gross domestic product has made record a growth of +6.6% not enough to recover the strong contraction of the pandemic year (-3.0% compared to 2019) and the components that have driven this recovery continue to be, but after all - the report specifies - they have been for over ten years, exports and to a lesser extent imports.

Last year the road and motorway traffic of vehicles heavy has recovered the pre-pandemic data and, also in this case, traffic at the Alpine passes was the driving force (+6.8% compared to 2019). Goods handled by air also made record a strong expansion that allowed the recovery the complete volumes of 2019 and there was also a a strong polarization of traffic at Milan Malpensa airport which has come to handle almost 73% of the entire traffic national aircargo. Rail traffic, after showing the its resilience during the pandemic, has not interrupted its trend growth both in terms of train-km (+13.5%) and tons of goods transported (+16.6%), an index trend of trains more and more Heavy. The trend was much more varied of the maritime sector where a substantial recovery of traffic gateway containers of pre-pandemic volumes has joined a consistent growth in that of transhipment (linked to the performance of the port of Gioia Tauro) and a consistent contraction of liquid bulk (-10.4%). Well the ro-ro traffic that has recovered and abundantly exceeded the volumes of 2019, so like the solid bulk that thanks to the strong rebound have been brought to -4.8% from pre-pandemic volumes.

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