testata inforMARE
04 December 2023 - Year XXVII
Independent journal on economy and transport policy
01:55 GMT+1
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Original news
Forum to the system of the mega-alliances of the containerized marine transport lasts critical of the International Transport
The manifest ITF perplexity about the eventual maintenance of the specific exemptions for category
November 2, 2018

The diffuse relationship today from the International Transpor Forum on the impact on the segment of the containerized marine transport of the alliance tightened between the companies of navigation of the field nozzle an alarm for the excessive concentration of the market in the hands of little, indeed least operators. Specifying that the alliances have become a dominant characteristic of the transport of the container, the ITF, the intergovernmental organization of the OCSE that takes care of the topics of the transport, have evidenced that about 95% of the cargo ability put in field from the line transport on the main marine routes East-West they are covered by three carriers that take part of sun alliances: the 2M constituted from the two world leaders of the field, the Danish Maersk Line and the Italian-Helvetian Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC), the Ocean Alliance formed from Chinese COSCO (with OOCL), from the French CMA CGM and the taiwanese Evergreen, that they are respective third, fourth and seventh world-wide company of the field, and the THE Alliance constituted by the Hapag-Lloyd German, the Ocean Japanese Network Express (ONE) and by the taiwanese Yang Ming, that they are fifth, sixth and eighth company of the market.

Remembering that these shipowning alliances usually consist in a series of relative agreements to the sharing of ships and slot, that is cargo spaces on the portacontainer, the relationship finds that if the first generations of total alliances emerged to half of years ‘90 represented vehicles for the cooperation between companies of smaller navigation of dimension, today the alliances are instruments of cooperation for the greatest companies of the field. In fact the three alliances 2M, Ocean Alliance and THE Alliance together put the first eight marine carriers of the world-wide market that transport altogether about 80% of the total volume of containerized marine traffics.

According to the report of the ITF, these alliances have allowed with the companies to acquire and to manage mega-ships, reducing the transport unitary costs, portacontainer of large-capacity that some of these carriers would otherwise not have been able to order to the ship yards. Document observes that, since the orders of mega-ships have fed the ability excess that characterizes the market, exist therefore a tie between alliances and sovracapacità.

An other I find moved to the current system of the alliances is that these have returned also the offer of marine transport more uniform and have limited the possibilities for the navigation companies to differentiate their offer. Moreover the alliances have contributed to reduce the frequency of the marine services, to diminish the connections directed between port and port let alone to reduce the reliability of the schedule and to generate a lengthening of the times of wait. This - second the International Transport Forum - has produced an increase of the total times of transport and for the loaders an increase of the costs determined from the necessity has generated an uncertainty of the deliveries causing to increase and to manage the escorts. The relationship observes moreover that these alliances have been revealed intrinsically unstable as, since all the main world-wide carriers take part of alliances, the changes within a single alliance can have an impact on the entire field.

An impact negative - according to the report - is constituted also by the fact that these alliances influence in various ways the entire system of the transports. In the first place they contribute to the concentration of the traffic on determined harbour systems and to greater displacements of traffic volumes if the alliances decide to change the programming of their ports of call in the ports. Moreover, inside of the same ports, the superpower of the shipowning alliances can create a destructive competition between the operators of the terminals and other suppliers of harbour services, as for example the towing services. This can involve a reduction of the return of the investments in the harbour field, causing consequently a decline of the little ones carries container and the disappearance of little ones independent terminals operator, so as of towing society. To such purpose, the document evidences as it is not a case that the market share of the controlled terminals operator from navigation companies is passed by 18% in 2001 to 38% in 2017 and as this it can arouse worries under the profile of the competition as terminals dedicated to the traffics of specific companies of navigation could exclude other companies and as the investments in the terminals by the navigation companies they could determine an increase of the costs of income in the market of the harbour terminalismo returning it less open.

The International Transport Forum has moreover expressed particular worry because often - it has denounced the intergovernmental organization of the OCSE - these alliances and the companies that takes part some exercise strong pressures so that work is undertaken, financed with public funds, of potenziamento of the harbour infrastructures that in such a way can be used from their mega-ships, expenses that - the relationship supports - are often revealed uneconomical are because of the variation of the question of harbour services that of the monopolistic power exercised by the alliances.

The specific document moreover that, if the hold excess that characterizes the field has determined a reduction of the transport rates, however these savings partially are compensated by a series of additional costs for the loaders. To this sum the fact that, limiting the marine shipment options, the alliances have made useless the strategies of diversification of the risk located in existence from loaders and shippers.

Between the other reliefs which moved to the system of the shipowning mega-alliances, the relationship observes that these could act as vehicles for collusions between the navigation companies as they supply to the single carriers a groundbreaking acquaintance of the structures of the costs of their competitors.

The relationship of the ITF at last puts in argument the opportunity to still maintain in vigor in within EU the system of exemption for category for the consortia between navigation companies. A month it makes the EU commission has invited the interested parts on April 25, 2020 to introduce observations on this specific Regulations of exemption of category in sight of its previewed expiration(on 27 September 2018). According to the ITF, the maintenance of the exemptions for category a fast evolution of the alliances between companies has allowed that has carried to the current situation of great concentration of the market. Us it could be asked - the relationship of the International Transport concludes Forum - if advantages from the maintenance of the exemptions for category can still sussistere.
›››News file
In the third quarter, the transits of ocean vessels in the Panama Canal decreased by -4.4%
In the first nine months of 2023, shipping traffic fell by -3.3% percent.
The IMO Assembly elected the members of its Council for the biennium 2024-2025
On Thursday, the election of the president and vice president
BLS Cargo hopes for measures to support rail freight transport on the Rhine-Alps corridor
To penalize this mode are mainly the construction sites, the prices of rail tracks and energy.
On Tuesday in Livorno, the experimental phase of the Single Customs and Controls will be launched.
The system favours the coordinated and concurrent control of controls
Record shipping traffic for November in Suez Canal
2,264 ships transited (+ 4.3%)
Fincantieri will acquire Remazel Engineering
The Company specializes in the design and supply of highly customized and high complexity equipment topside equipment
FEPORT, ETA, EMPA and ECASBA are urging the EU Commission to assess without delay the negative impact on European ports of the extension of the ETS to shipping
In the third quarter, the turnover index of the transport services marked a negative trend.
The conjunctural variation is nothing
In the third quarter the port of Tanger Med has handled more than 2.2 million containers (+ 13%)
Anjra / Casablanca
In the first nine months of 2023, the total was 6.1 million teu (+ 9.3%)
GPH has detected shares of Royal Caribbean in cruise terminals at ports in Barcelona, Malaga, Singapore and Lisbon
The American group has sold 38% percent of the capital of Barcelona Port Investments to Global Ports Holding.
In October, freight traffic in the port of Genoa grew 4.2% percent, while in Savona-I went down -0.9% percent.
In October, freight traffic in the port of Genoa grew 4.2% percent, while in Savona-I went down -0.9% percent.
The remarkable increase of the crucierists continues
Confitarma, urgent the simplification of the Italian maritime order
Coccia : the rapid and concrete implementation of the Ddl n. 673 will be the first step to reviving the Italian flag
Swiss transport tax will be increased in Switzerland to finance transalpine freight rail traffic
5% markup of TTPCT with decompetition from the first January 2025
In October, freight traffic in Chinese seaports grew by 5.9% percent
In October, freight traffic in Chinese seaports grew by 5.9% percent
The only loads to and from abroad have increased by 9.1% percent. The containers were equal to 23 million teu (+ 2.9%)
Mattioli confirmed President of the Federation of the Sea
Elected the new council for the three years 2024-2027
At the construction site Monfalcone of the Fincantieri was the launch of the Mein Schiff Relax
France assesses the possibilities of autonomously producing e-fuel for decarbonisation of aircraft and ships
An ADEME study envisage two scenarios and estimates the necessary resources
Still a quarter of a drop in goods at European Union ports
In the first three months of 2023, with the exception of liquid bulk bulk, all types of cargoes decreased
Meyer Turku delivered the Icon of the Seas to Royal Caribbean International
Meyer Turku delivered the Icon of the Seas at Royal Caribbean International
Miami / Turku
It has a gross tonnage of 250,800 tons and can accommodate up to 5,610 passengers
A delegation from Confitarma has been received by the government
Illustrate the needs and expectations, exhausted and not, of the shipowner sector
Unmanned ferry stranded in Sicily
Due to the breaking of the trailer cable the ship "Lider Prestij" has remained in the balmy of the waves
Ellerman seals a slot agreement with MSC related to transatlantic shipping routes
It will enter into force on the first January
AdSP of the Northern Adriatic, the Management Committee approves the third change in budget
Confirmed the adjustment of 25.15% of maritime demanial canons for 2024
Revamped the North East Confectural Steering
Paolo Salvaro confirmed to the presidency, while Manuel Scortegagna was appointed vice president.
GNV starts a new recruiting campaign
The first date on Monday and Tuesday in Naples
Logistics group Public Spinelli publishes its first Sustainability Budget
Ok the transfer of the concession of Terminal Ferry Barcelona to the Grimaldi Group
Barcelona / Naples
Deliberation by the Catalan Port Authority after the green light of the antitrust authority
The IMO assembly unanimously confirms the appointment of Velasco as secretary general
The term, lasting four years, will begin next January.
Launched in Ancona the cruise ship Viking Vela
It will be delivered at the end of 2024
Port of the Spezia, signed the contract for the realization of the new pier cruises
The Spezia
Expected two benches of the length of 393 and 339 meters
d' Amico International Shipping will become part of the FTSE Italia Mid Cap Index
Includes the 60 companies with the largest market capitalization listed on the MTA and MIV markets of Borsa Italiana
Santi Casciano appointed CEO of the Going Gateway and Reefer Terminal
Go Ligure
Will take office on December 15
Rexi : signed the conventions with 12 interports for more than 11 million intended for completion of the network
The notice for an additional eight million euros will be published shortly.
Saipem has awarded two offshore contracts worth about 1.9 billion
Are related to activities in Guyana and in Brazil
At the port of Spezia it has been facilitated access to LNG-powered merchant ships
The Spezia
The soak of these units is governed by an Ordinance of the Capitanery in Porto
Visual Sailing List
Departure ports
Arrival ports by:
- alphabetical order
- country
- geographical areas
Maersk Group comes out of the capital of Norway's Höegh Autoliners
Sold the last 20 million shares
End the ferry disincite operations Lider Prestij
You will now proceed to check the safety standards of navigation
Liberated the tanker Central Park
The intervention of the Combined Maritime Force TF 151 made the attackers desisting, forced into surrender
A ship seized in the Gulf of Aden and one hit by a drone in the Indian Ocean
Attacks on the "Central Park" oil tanker and the "CMA CGM Symi" container ship
Gruber Logistics has opened a new branch in France
It is headquartered in Lyon and will focus on providing comprehensive logistics services
The Propeller Club Ports of La Spezia and Marina di Carrara is born
Marina di Carrara
In the association, the number of inscribed members is growing from the apusian port.
Delivery of deliveries to the summit of the Port System of the Straits of the Straits
Mega has recalled the obstacles encountered throughout his tenure
Italian Ports:
Ancona Genoa Ravenna
Augusta Gioia Tauro Salerno
Bari La Spezia Savona
Brindisi Leghorn Taranto
Cagliari Naples Trapani
Carrara Palermo Trieste
Civitavecchia Piombino Venice
Italian Interports: list World Ports: map
ShipownersShipbuilding and Shiprepairing Yards
ForwardersShip Suppliers
Shipping AgentsTruckers
Conference on changes in port logistics
It will be held in the first December in Ravenna
Conference of Uniport on the future of Italian portuality
It will be held on December 5 in Rome
››› Meetings File
Ports cyber hack reveals Australia's 'vulnerability' to attack
(The New Daily)
Economy Minister: Anaklia port project developing “according to plan”, “no delays” in deadlines
››› Press Review File
FORUM of Shipping
and Logistics
Relazione del presidente Mario Mattioli
Roma, 27 ottobre 2023
››› File
Concluded the authorizing process to build the drawers of the new foranea dam in Genoa to go to Ligure
Initially five will be made that will be placed in defence of the construction site.
Ok of the City Council at the Regulatory Plan of the Marina Port of Carrara
Marina di Carrara
AdSP satisfaction for the green light to the new planning tool expected since 1981
Impala Terminals buy at auction the HES Hartel Tank Terminal in Rotterdam
The construction of the terminal for liquid bulk in the Dutch port will be completed thanks to a further investment
A Implementing Regulation specifies the terms of management of the shipping companies for the EU ETS
It was published today in the Official Journal of the European Union
Hapag-Lloyd inaugurates a new computer center in Chennai
It is made in partnership with India's Solverminds
Tunisian OMMP has ordered six tugboats at Turkish shipyard Med Marine
Istanbul / The Goulette
These are means with a tensile capacity of 60 tonnes
Rhenus Overland Italy buys Pesenti Transport & Logistics
The company has a fleet of 25 tractors and 50 between trailers and semitrailer
Collaboration of Fincantieri and IIT for robotics applied to the assistance and safety of operators
Trieste / Genoa
Conference on changes in port logistics
It will be held in the first December in Ravenna
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